General explanation of oil

Oil provides lubrication for all moving, rotating and sliding parts in an engine, it also acts as a coolant.

Oil flows through the entire engine block, it forms a protective film of lubrication between the bearings and the rod  ends, the main bearings and the cam shaft (bearings), this  protective layer is called a hydrodynamic wedge and prevents metal-to-metal contact which definitely leads to an engine failure. The protective film forms a path to carry away heat, this heat is caused by friction. Also the oil needs to prevent foaming and corrosion to prevent rust.

Oil contributes in heat transfer.  Coolant flows in the block and heads, and transfers the heat from combustion and friction.  It then goes into the coolant, and the heat in the coolant is rejected by the radiator.  All moving parts are cooled due to the oil providing a path  for the heat to travel from the bearing surfaces. That thin layer of oil in the engine transfers the heat created by friction. Oil also addresses the transfer of contaminants in the engine. It moves dirt and contaminants created by combustion from the internals of the engine into the filter.


Decreasing the chance of failures

The most common cause of engine failure is a broken part which can be a result of high rpm, or taking a part or a combination of parts past their individual duty cycle lifetime. The more common failure cause is "worn out." Choosing Syntix products definitely decrease failures and contribute to maximum protection for your valuable goods.

This drawing illustrates the relationship of the oil film to the bearing journal and the bearing. The film of oil can range from 0.001 to 0.0 during operation, depending on the load, the VI rating of the oil, and the clearance of the bearing (the greater the clearance in the bearing, the greater the opportunity to lose the wedge and have metal-to-metal contact). This can be due to oil leakage past the bearing and the oil pump's ability to distribute oil to the bearing.

If an oil failure occurs, this is because the structure of the oil start to break down and the oil loses its ability to lubricate. This can happen if the oil temperature rises to the level at which the oil starts to burn. This phenomenon starts at or near 150 to 160 degrees C, depending on the type and brand of oil. While this is still classified as an oil failure, technically it is not. Something caused the oil temp to soar, probably some type of mechanical failure, and that caused the oil "failure." Syntix products are extremely stable and capable of handling very high temperatures before failure occurs.


The best technologies for ultimate performance

To ensure the best possible protection of engine and gearbox, even in the most extreme conditions, Syntix Lubricants incorporate the best technology. Highly qualified chemists and technicians are constantly committed to improve the products and keep them up to date, based on the latest results from analyses and tests, not only in the laboratory, but also on the race tracks of this world.

Nano technology refers to the molecular structure of the additives, which are particularly small. As a result, they stick very well to raw surfaces and are extremely stable. Such surfaces are not, for instance, like grinding paper, but rather microscopically small scratches that are being filled by the nano particles, thus preventing actual contact between metal parts that are moving along to each other. Next to providing optimum protection, nano technology also ensures excellent flow characteristics and heat deflection, but also helps reduce friction and thus keep temperatures lower.

Performance Strenghth and Flow Dynamics (PSFD) refers to high end packages, which ensures stable viscosity indices. The lubrication provides optimum protection, preventing metal parts from touching each other. Flow dynamics is enhanced by the excellent flow characteristics of the oil. This helps reduce friction, which, in turn, contributes to lower temperatures, less emission and less fuel consumption, all contributing to more net power being delivered to the wheels.

Dynamic Gear Protection (DGP) refers to Syntix’s range of high-quality gearbox oil products. These all stand out for their molecular structure, which ensures excellent qualities and dynamic protection in all conditions especially at extreme high load.

Innovative Liquid Technology (ILT) is incorporated in Syntix coolant products. The product meets latest standards and requirements and its characteristics ensure good absorption and deflection of the heat from the engine to the radiator, where it is  cooled by the airflow. It also protects against self-ignition (detonation) of the engine.


Oil change frequency

Most professional racers do not let the oil stay in their engines long enough for it to break down. They change the oil on a very regular basis (more is better!). The chance of the oil failing in your “track day” racer is small, but this is not to say that you will have zero problems. Our advice is to change your oil every time you have raced it on track. Budget wise this is only a fraction from the costs compared to tires, fuel, failure costs and much more!


Which viscosity or Syntix product to use

Viscosity is a measure of a fluid. In this case, it refers to oil's resistance to flow. There are other considerations as well: temperature, sheer strength, and/or resistance to sheer. A good example is that water is a low-viscosity fluid, and oil has a much higher viscosity. The number in the product data sheet is the VI rating, or viscosity index, and 30W (on the bottle) is the viscosity index number.

Don’t hesitate to ask us any question or ask us for advise. Remember, the technic inside your valuable goods is fragile!


  • Change your oil frequently!
  • Change your oil filter any time you change your oil
  • Monitor your oil temperature and oil pressure during your rides
  • Installing an oil cooler would be an advantage for protecting the motor. The hotter oil gets, the thinner it gets and the less it protects
  • Respect your expensive drive train
  • Do not add any additives to Syntix products, this can cause a chemical reaction which damages the structure from the oil.
  • Respect the manufacturers advise on engine and gearbox life time
  • Look Inside Your Oil Filter: You should be looking for several things when you change your oil:
    • Metallic debris in your oil filter 
    • Fluids in the oil that are not oil, such as water.
    • Bits of metal stuck to the magnetic probe on the drain plug.
    • The smell of the oil. If it smells burned, you have a problem.
  • Don’t be fooled by pricefighter oils. There is a significant difference in quality.
  • Ask us if you need any help
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